P1100524

Apples

Variety Place of origin Description A B
Ampney Red Gloucestershire A dessert variety from Ampney Crucis where it is well known to older villagers. It hasn’t spread far from its place of origin E. M25
Arlingham Schoolboys Gloucestershire General purpose variety, the last tree in Arlingham died in the late 1990’s. E.C. M25, MM106
Ashmeads Kernel Gloucestershire An excellent dessert apple. Gloucestershire’s most famous apple started in 1700 but not recognised much outside the county for nearly 300 years after its birth. E.5. M25, MM106
Beauty of Bath A popular very early season dessert apple with a distinctive sharp taste. Pick from early August. Somerset 1864. E. M25
Blenheim Orange An old favourite, good keeper, sweet nutty flavour. E.C.3. M25, MM106
Bramley       Nottingham Most popular cooker,  19th Century. C.3. M25, MM106
 Cambridge Queening Gloucestershre  Most commonly used for cider, but can be eaten fresh when fully ripe. Pale green/yellow with red flush and crimson stripes. Also known as Cambridge Quoining, possible originates from the French word ‘coin’ meaning corner which refers to the fruit’s angular shape.  E.Ci.  M25
Camalot A mild bittersweet Somerset cider apple. Ci.2 MM106
 Charles Ross  Raised by Charles Ross at Welford Park Gardens, Newbury, Berkshire. It was first áexhibited in 1890 as Thomas Andrew Knight but renamed Charles Ross at the request of his employer, Captain Carstairs in 1899. Received an Award of Merit and a First Class Certificate from the Royal Horticultural Society in 1899. Fruits are rather coarse-textured, juicy and sweet with a moderate flavour. Easy to grow fruit has an orange red flush. A sweet flavoured eater that also bakes well. Scab resistant. Valued garden apple. Berks 1890  E.C.3  MM106
 Chaxhill Red Gloucestershire A general purpose variety but best known for cider. In 1873 it won a First Class Certificate for cider at Gloucester. First raised by Squire Bennett of Chaxhill House, Chaxhill, Westbury-on-Severn. Squire Bennett who owned the Chaxhill Estate was interested in fruit production and his tenants’ farms were well stocked with a broad range of apple and other fruit varieties. He was a friend of William Viner Ellis of nearby Minsterworth Court. William Viner Ellis is much mentioned by R. Hogg in The Fruit Manual (1884).  He helped Hogg find a number of rare varieties of apple tree. Ci M25
Chivers Delight  An excellent English apple, once grown commercially on a small scale, and worthy of more attention. Chivers Delight is basically a sweet apple, with a family resemblance to Cox’s Orange Pippin, but with some sharpness to the flavour. The flesh is quite dense and crisp. Although not related at all, Chivers Delight is quite similar to Braeburn in size, flavour, and crispness – if you like Braeburn apples you will probably like Chivers Delight. Keep well too! E. MM106
Dabinett Somerset Excellent quality, bittersweet cider apple. 19th century. Ci.5. M25
Devonshire Quarrenden An early dessert apple with a slight strawberry flavour, was very popular in Victorian times but is much much older. c1676 E.2. MM106
Discovery Excellent early dessert apple, crisp and juicy with a hint of strawberry. Reliable and has good disease resistance. E.3. MM106
Dymock Red Gloucestershire  A very old vintage cider variety from the village of its name. Also useful for dessert and culinary purposes. Ci. Malus Sylvestris
Eden Gloucestershire  A dessert variety with Cox in it’s parentage, started in 1948 at Fon’s Orchard between Falfield and Thornbury. E. M25, MM106
 
Ellis Bitter An old east Devon medium bittersweet cider apple that has good disease resistance. Ci. MM106
 
 
Green Underleaf Gloucestershire Grown in Arlingham but also from Oldbury on Severn. According to Pat Turner, in the old days this apple would be “wurded” or ripened in heaps under ‘boltings’ (big thrashed sheaves) of wheat straw. They would turn yellow when ripe and be good for eating. E.C.Ci M25
 Gypsy Red Gloucestershire Only known from one farm in Kington near Oldbury on Severn. A distinctive bright red, bitter sharp cider apple.  Ci Malus Sylvestris
Hagloe Crab Gloucestershire A highly regarded vintage cider variety possibly started as early as 1620 in the hamlet of its name near Awre. Years ago its cider could be `exchanged barrel for barrel for spiritous liquor’. Also a good cooking apple. Ci MM106
Harry Masters Jersey Also known as ‘Port Wine’ well known for it’s full bitter sweet cider Ci.5. MM106, M25
Hen’s Turd’s Gloucestershire  A cider variety from Rodley. How it earned its disparaging name is a mystery. Ci. MM106, M25
Herefordshire Redstreak A very old classic variety that very nearly died out, but has now been saved. It produces a slightly red coloured cider Ci.3. M25
 Herefordshire Russet  A modern russet variety, and probably one of the best-flavoured russet apples available.  E.3.  MM106
Hunts Duke Of Gloucester An excellent little dessert apple. Said to have been grown from a seed of the old Nonpareil which is now lost. E. M25
Jackets and Waistcoats Gloucestershire White crisp, sweet and mellow. This cultivar is noted for its banana flavour. Also known as ‘Jackets and Petticoats’ in it’s home village of Ashleworth. Found to be the same as ‘Ribston Pippin’ after DNA test. E.  MM106, M25
Katy Bright red heavy cropper. Sweet/acid, firm and juicy. Best known as a dessert apple, but is used commercially as a sweet cider apple too. E.3 MM106
 
 
Kingston Black Somerset One of the best known vintage cider varieties, medium bittersharp. Somerset 19th century. Ci.3. MM106
Lakes Kernel Gloucestershire A really nice dessert variety from Ashleworth. Thought to have been first grown by Bill Lake of Hartpury, a blacksmith, now deceased. He had a blacksmith’s shop opposite the Royal Exchange public house.  Descendants of Mr Lake still live in the neighbourhood of Ashleworth to-day (2000). E. MM106, M25
Laxton’s Superb Sweet and similar to Cox, hardy and reliable. 19th century. E.4. MM106, M25
Leathercoat Gloucestershire First recorded mention in Shakespeare’s Henry IV part 2 when Davy says to Bardolph:  “There is a dish of Leathercoats for you,” the scene is laid in Gloucestershire. E. MM106, M25
Longney Russet Gloucestershire  An old general purpose variety from the village of its name. Mentioned in 18th Century literature. Stores very well E.Ci MM106, M25
 
 
Margaret Also known as Red Joaneting. First grown in 1665, an early dessert apple with a sharp refreshing flavour. E. M25
Newton Wonder Excellent late keeping, yellow and red apple, cooks to a juicy mild puree, or a fruity eater after storing, 19th century. E.C.5. MM106
 Nine of Diamonds Gloucestershire  A cider variety. Curiously named as it has 10 red spots in the flesh and not 9 as may be expected. Found to be the same as ’10 Commandments’ after DNA test  Ci  M25
Parlour Door Gloucestershire  A general purpose apple from Apperley, but also known as ‘Seven Square’ at Down Hatherley in the 1950s. Also recorded from China Cross, Corse Lawn. Found to be the same as ‘Tom Putt’ after DNA test. E.C. M25
 Pigs Snout Ci MM106, M25
Puckrupp Pippin Gloucestershire  General purpose. Found growing in the Apperley area and nearer Gloucester in the past. E.C. M25
Red Windsor Excellent garden variety, disease resistant and a heavy cropper. Self-fertile E.2 MM106
Rheads Reinette Gloucestershire A really nice dessert apple. Raised from seed by William Rhead (1852-1955) at either Elton Farm, Elton or Peglars Farm, Flaxley. E. MM106
Ribston Pippin A very old classic English apple esteemed by the Victorians. Attractive fruit with a strong Cox like flavour. E.2. MM106
Rose of Ciren Gloucestershire  A critically rare dessert variety, just 2 known original trees survive. Mr Elwes from Colesbourne Estate recounts that when he took over the estate in 1956 the old gardener, Charlie Neve, identified the tree and said it had come from John Jefferies & Sons, Cirencester.  Mr Neve died in 1963 aged just over 80. This seems to be another variety produced by John Jefferies & Son of Siddington. E. MM106, M25
Severn Bank Gloucestershire  First recorded in 1884. A previously widespread variety that gained fame by travelling to Midland markets probably by Trow, up the Severn and by train to supply the burgeoning urban population. As well as being a good early cooker, coming at just the right time to accompany blackberry dishes, it is known for producing an early cider ready for Christmas when it is reported to be quite sparkly. C. MM106
Siddington Russet Gloucestershire The nurseries of John Jefferies and Son, Siddington were established in 1795 by Richard Gregory (died 1837) This dessert variety was first grown in 1923 and appeared in the nurseries catalogue in 1930. Found to be the same as ‘Galloway Pippin’ after DNA test. E. MM106
Spartan Disease resistant and reliable, dark red fruit with crisp white flesh. A very popular variety for the garden. E.3. MM106, M25
Sunset This apple was raised from a Cox’s Orange Pippin seedling by G C Addy, Igtham, Kent c 1918. It was named and introduced in 1933. Received the RHS Award of Merit in 1960. Very similar to Cox but much more disease resistant. It has become a very popular garden substitute for Cox E.3. MM106
Tom Putt Large bright red apple with crimson streaks. Crisp and sharp but sweeter when cooked. Devon 18th century. C.Ci.3  M25
Tydeman’s Late Orange Reliable, rich, sweet, aromatic and trouble free. E.3. MM106
Worcester Pearmain A reliable cropper of fairly early fruit (September). Sweet and juicy with a strawberry flavour. E.3. MM106, M25

 

Key ‘A’      (Uses + flowering period if known)

E = Eater (Dessert)   C = Cooker (Culinary)   Ci = Cider.

1 = Early  to  5 = Late

Key ‘B’     (Rootstock availability}

MM106 =semi vigorous

M25 = vigorous

Prices:

Maidens  = £15.00

Bush       = £16.00-£18-00 depending on size

Half Standard = £18.00-£20.00 depending on size

Straightlead     = £18.00-£20.00 depending on size