P1100524

Apples

Variety Place of origin Description A B
Arlingham Schoolboys Gloucestershire General purpose variety, the last tree in Arlingham died in the late 1990’s. E.C. sold out
Ashmeads Kernel Gloucestershire An excellent dessert apple. Gloucestershire’s most famous apple started in 1700 but not recognised much outside the county for nearly 300 years after its birth. E.5. M25, MM106
Blenheim Orange An old favourite, good keeper, sweet nutty flavour. E.C.3. M25, MM106
Bramley       Nottingham Most popular cooker,  19th Century. C.3. M25, MM106
Cornish Gilliflower  Dark red flush with red stripes over gold. Intensely flavoured, rich and aromatic. First grown in 1800.  E.4. M.S.
Chaceley Kernel M25
 Chaxhill Red Gloucestershire A general purpose variety but best known for cider. In 1873 it won a First Class Certificate for cider at Gloucester. First raised by Squire Bennett of Chaxhill House, Chaxhill, Westbury-on-Severn. Squire Bennett who owned the Chaxhill Estate was interested in fruit production and his tenants’ farms were well stocked with a broad range of apple and other fruit varieties. He was a friend of William Viner Ellis of nearby Minsterworth Court. William Viner Ellis is much mentioned by R. Hogg in The Fruit Manual (1884).  He helped Hogg find a number of rare varieties of apple tree. Ci M.S.
Chivers Delight A very good crisp sweet dessert apple which keeps very well. Origin: Cambridgeshire UK, 1920 E.4. MM106
Court Pendu Plas M.S.
Cox Orange flush over greenish yellow. Deep cream flesh has sweet aromatic flavour. Self-fertile E.3. MM106
Dabinett Somerset Excellent quality, bittersweet cider apple. 19th century. Ci.5. MM106, M25
Discovery Excellent early dessert apple, crisp and juicy with a hint of strawberry. Reliable and has good disease resistance. E.3. MM106
Dymock Red Gloucestershire  A very old vintage cider variety from the village of its name. Also useful for dessert and culinary purposes. Ci. Sold out
Eden Gloucestershire  A dessert variety with Cox in its parentage, started in 1948 at Fon’s Orchard between Falfield and Thornbury. E. M.S.
Egremont Russet The best known and most popular of the russet apples. Very distinctive rich nutty flavour. Origin: England, 1872 E.2. sold out
George Cave George Cave is an early English apple, ripening in early/mid August.  It has a pleasing appearance, and like many summer apples can vary in colour from its basic green/yellow colour to all-over red depending on where the apple is exposed to the sun. E.3. MM106
 Gloucestershire Underleaf  A well known and much loved variety throughout Gloucestershire. It can be eaten fresh, cooked or made into cider. C.E.Ci M.S.
 Golden Noble Large handsome round fruit. Pale green skin ripening to golden yellow. Occasional pink flush. Cream coloured flesh with high vitamin C content. Good sharp flavour needing little added sugar. Ideal for apple pies as it keeps some of its shape when cooked. Keeps well losing some of its sharpness such that it can be used as a dessert apple in the spring.  E.C. Sold out
Golden Spire Found in Lancashire in about 1850. Introduced by Richard Smith, nurseryman, of Worcester. In Gloucestershire, where it was grown as a cider apple, it is known as Tom Matthews. Quite widely grown in the late 19th century and also recommended as a decorative tree due to its weeping habit. A distinctly shaped, tall, oblong apple. Light green becoming golden yellow when fully ripe. Deep cream flesh with quite intense, almost cidery flavour. Sharp and juicy. Cooks to a yellow puree, slightly brisk and well flavoured. Self-fertile C.Ci M.S.
Harry Masters Jersey Also known as ‘Port Wine’ well known for it’s full bitter sweet cider Ci.5. M25
Hen’s Turd’s Gloucestershire  A cider variety from Rodley. How it earned its disparaging name is a mystery. Ci. MM106, M25, M.S.
James Grieve Raised by James Grieve in Edinburgh, Scotland either from a Pott’s Seedling or Cox’s Orange Pippin seedling. Introduced by Dickson’s Nursery. First recorded 1893. Received RHS Award of Merit 1897 and a First Class Certificate 1906. Formerly grown commercially in the UK and Northern Europe. Medium to large, round-conical fruit. Bright red flush over green skin ripening to yellow. Attractive looking. Creamy white, soft, juicy flesh. Quite sharp early in the season when it makes a good stewing apple. Acidity mellows in September and October but it still remains a fairly sharp tasting dessert apple. Bruises very easily. Limited storage life going soft quite quickly. Excellent variety for juice making. Moderately vigorous, spreading tree. Heavy cropper. Good pollinator. E.3. M25
Katy Raised from James Grieve x Worcester Pearmain at the Fruit Breeding Institute, Balsgard, Sweden 1947. Its correct original name in Swedish is Katja, but it is generally known in the UK as Katy. It was introduced in 1966. Medium sized, conical apple. An attractive fruit with a bright red flush over pale green skin ripening to pale yellow. White, juicy flesh. Sweet but with plenty of balancing acidity. Fair flavour with a hint of strawberry. Good for juice. Fairly vigorous tree. Crops very well. Heavy crops must be thinned to avoid small fruit. A good early garden dessert variety. E.C.3. MM106
Kidds Orange Red Sweet, crisp and aromatic, with a good balance of sugar and acidity. A good Cox alternative. E.3. MM106
Kingston Black Somerset One of the best known vintage cider varieties, medium bittersharp. Somerset 19th century. Ci.3. M25
Lakes Kernel Gloucestershire A really nice dessert variety from Ashleworth. Thought to have been first grown by Bill Lake of Hartpury, a blacksmith, now deceased. He had a blacksmith’s shop opposite the Royal Exchange public house.  Descendants of Mr Lake still live in the neighbourhood of Ashleworth to-day (2000). E. M.S.

M25

Laxton’s Superb Sweet and similar to Cox, hardy and reliable. 19th century. E.4. M25
Leathercoat Gloucestershire First recorded mention in Shakespeare’s Henry IV part 2 when Davy says to Bardolph: There is a dish of Leathercoats for you, the scene is laid in Gloucestershire. E. Sold out
Lodgemore Nonpareil Gloucestershire A dessert variety raised by Mr Cook of Lodgemore nr Stroud in 1808 E. M.S.
 Morgan Sweet Early sweet cider/dessert apple E.Ci M25
Newton Wonder Excellent late keeping, yellow and red apple, cooks to a juicy mild puree, or a fruity eater after storing, 19th century. E.C.5. Sold out
Red Foxwhelp A vintage cider variety Ci M25
Rheads Reinette Gloucestershire A really nice dessert apple. Raised from seed by William Rhead (1852-1955) at either Elton Farm, Elton or Peglars Farm, Flaxley. E. M25

M.S

Ribston Pippin A very old English variety believed to have been raised at Ribston Hall, Knaresborough, Yorkshire c1707 from a seed brought from Rouen in France by Sir Henry Goodricke. The original tree was blown down by wind in 1810. Supported by stakes it survived and continued to produce fruit until 1835. When the tree eventually died shoots grew from the roots to produce a new tree which survived until 1932. The variety was first listed in 1769. Highly esteemed in Victorian England. Grown commercially in the UK, North America, Australia and New Zealand in the 19th Century and early part of the 20th Century. Continues to be a popular garden variety. Received the RHS Award of Merit in 1962. Reputed to be the parent of Cox’s Orange Pippin. Medium to large sized fruit. Round-conical, often lopsided in shape. Brownish red flush and stripes over olive green and yellow skin give the fruit a lovely autumnal colour. Pale yellow, fairly dry crumbly flesh. Strong, aromatic flavour. Keeps relatvely well but becomes rather dry in storage. Best eaten soon after picking. E.2. M25
Scotch Bridget Scotch Bridget is an attractive orange-flushed cooking apple originating from Scotland.  The flavour is richly acidic and the flesh is soft and juicy – good characteristics for a successful cooking apple.  The apples keep for several months, and can be eaten raw after the New Year. Scotch Bridget found a second home in the north-west of England where it was widely grown around Lancaster by the end of the 19th century.  Unlike most apple varieties it will crop reliably in areas of wet winters, and poor summers. Rated by Victorian author Robert Hogg as “an excellent culinary apple”. E.C.3. M25
 Somerset Redstreak  Popular, bittersweet cider apple. First grown in 1917.  Ci M25
Spartan A popular, reliable dessert variety. Medium sized, round-conical fruit. Dark maroon flush over a pale yellow skin. White, crisp, juicy flesh. Sweet but with some acidity. Needs to be left on the tree for as long as possible for the flavour to develop. E. MM106
Tom Matthews See Golden Spire
Tom Putt First grown in 1700, a popular duel purpose variety. C.Ci sold out
Tydeman’s Late Orange Reliable, rich, sweet, aromatic and trouble free. E.3. MM106
Worcester Pearmain A reliable cropper of fairly early fruit (September). Sweet and juicy with a strawberry flavour. E.3. MM106
Yarlington Mill Somerset Well known medium sweet cider apple. First grown around 1900 Ci. M25
Yellow Willy Gloucestershire Small yellow dessert apple, probably from Lydney. Another burrnott (see Welsh Druid) E. Sold out

E = Eater (Dessert)   C = Cooker (Culinary)   Ci = Cider.Key ‘A’      (Uses + flowering period if known)

1 = Early  to  5 = Late

Key ‘B’     (Rootstock availability}

MM106 =semi vigorous

M25 + Malus Seedling = vigorous

Prices:

Maidens  = £15.00

Bush       = £18-00

Half Standard = £20.00

Straightlead     = £20.00